For many web project owners, the choice of hosting is a problem. Firstly, the hosting service itself is not easy from a technical point of view. Secondly, there are many hosting providers that position themselves as reliable professionals, but it is not always easy to choose them among a really decent person.
In the hosting services market, five main types of hosting are available to users
- Virtual hosting (Shared web hosting);
- virtual dedicated server (VPS server);
- dedicated physical server (Dedicated);
- cloud hosting (Cloud hosting);
- colocation (placement of the client’s equipment in the provider’s data center).
Before choosing between the offers of various providers, you need to determine which type of hosting is right for you. Let’s consider them in more detail.
Shared Hosting (Shared)
Shared hosting is a server that hosts many websites. They use wide software and have different capabilities. There can be about sites on one server. As a rule, such hostings have small web resources that do not require large capacities and disk spaces. Due to its low cost and no cost in server administration, shared hosting is the most common choice among users.
Virtual Dedicated Servers (VPS Server)
VPS differs from virtual hosting in that the owner of such a server can use and use any products. Essentially, managing a VPS server does not go beyond managing a local server.
The site on the VPS is allocated rights in accordance with the tariff. This is not always possible in a Shared-hosta collection, where server resources are loaded quickly between all sites.
Dedicated physical server (Dedicated)
The user is provided with a separate server in the data center for self-management using any operating system that changes products for their needs. Such hostings are used for large-scale resource-intensive projects with high demand and are well suited for large online stores with high traffic or, for example, online games.
Cloud hosting (Cloud hosting)
Cloud hosting is a unified system of servers on which client sites are located. Multiple servers are not distributed among sample groups. This requires the resource to perform as expected, regardless of whether it originates from building anyone server.
In addition to increased performance, cloud hosting attracts customers with other benefits. Firstly, the user pays only for the resources that are used – the price of the service depends on the volume of power consumption.
Secondly, on cloud hosting, when using the load, the allocated resources automatically increase or decrease. Thanks to this distribution of capacities, the client does not require computing resources to select the optimal tariff.
Colocation – placement of client equipment in the provider’s data center
Colocation literally translates as “colocation”, which accurately describes this type of hosting service. Your server ends up on the technological platform of the provider (data center), which runs it with a high-speed Internet channel and takes care of the content environment.
Compared to creative ideas, Colocation hosting is born with great freedom for implementation, but it requires highly professional knowledge to work with it. Thus, the development of a web project is limited only by your imagination and capabilities – any necessary technical parameters, such as large disk space or new software, can be added as needed.
Paid and free hosting
If you have just launched an Internet project and decided to be hosted on the surrounding hosting, then the first task you face is the choice between paid and useful hosting.
I must say right away that the second option is only suitable for small business card sites or home pages that are not designed for a wide audience. The fact is that free hosting does not use a number of conditions occupied by the work of the site.
First, this concerns a stable environment, which, due to frequent failures and forced shutdowns, deprives visitors of access to the site, and its owner – of such visitors.
Free hosting is only suitable for projects that are not designed for a wide audience
In addition, free hosting often lacks useful tools: Perl, MySQL, PHP, databases, mail, and more. Also, the upcoming site will advertise the hosting provider, the domain name will most likely be the third level (for example, example.hostname.com).
When using the service for free, you are unlikely to be able to make any demands on the hosting provider. Therefore, for medium and even more so corporate and commercially oriented sites and other serious Internet projects, it is recommended to connect paid hosting. But how not to make a mistake when choosing it?
When choosing a hosting, pay attention to four nuances:
- Amount of disk space;
- a set of technical functions and tools;
- the level of technical support;
- value for money hosting services.
- Let’s deal with them in order.
It is difficult for users who order hosting for the first time to calculate the amount of disk space required for a future project. I note that in most cases for small sites (landing page, business card site, etc.) 30-60 MB is enough. If you plan to use graphic materials and databases in the future, then it is better to take disk space from 100 MB.
In most cases, 100 MB of disk space will suffice
It is more difficult to calculate the required resources for a site where users can post their content, such as videos and images. In this case, the amount of disk space must be determined based on the popularity of the resource, the number of visits per day, and the average volume of posted materials. At the same time, it is desirable to introduce restrictions for downloading data by an individual user.
For high-load Internet projects that do not have enough virtual hosting resources, VIP hosting will be a good solution. But not all providers have it. Its main advantage is that it does not require knowledge in the field of VPS server administration to work with it.
In addition, VIP hosting in many ways resembles a virtual dedicated server: personal disk space, RAM, script execution time, and more. This is possible due to the fact that fewer sites are hosted on the server, for example, instead of a thousand sites, only a few hundred works on one server.
A set of technical features and tools
Most often, paid hosting plans offer the ability to connect databases and use scripts. Note that not all sites require this functionality. Vivid examples of this are light business card sites and landing pages created without the use of administration systems.
Below are the main technical features of hosting that you should pay attention to, depending on your needs:
- Unlimited traffic;
- support for the technologies and scripts you need, for example: PHP, MySQL, PhpMyAdmin, Zend Optimizer, Python, PERL, Parser, SSH access. It depends on the support on the hosting of the scripts whether your site will function correctly. Also pay attention to MySQL database support, especially if you are creating a site not on pure HTML, but on an engine like WordPress;
- support for popular CMS (WordPress, Joomla, Drupal, 1C-Bitrix, Open Cart and others);
- convenient control panel: allows you to work with a web server and sites hosted on it through a graphical interface. The most popular: ISP manager, cPanel, Plesk Panel;
- round the clock technical support;
- access to the site via FTP: this is necessary for copying, editing and deleting folders and files on the server;
- server monitoring (round-the-clock monitoring of the server status and troubleshooting);
- server protection from DDoS attacks;
- checking mail for viruses, spam and advertising;
- at least 5 mail accounts (POP3 or IMAP) if you plan to set up a mail server on your hosting service;
- web interface for mail: needed to manage the mail server;
- a short period of free use to get acquainted with the service, or an instant refund for the unused period of the service;
- file backups.
The performance of the resource largely depends on the quality of technical support. As practice shows, sometimes there is no escape from failures, and qualified specialists of the hosting provider will help to fix them. So make sure the support team is available 24/7.